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APA Style Guide (7th ed.): Home

APA is the style of documentation of sources used by the American Psychological Association. This form of writing research papers is used mainly in the social sciences, like psychology, anthropology, sociology, as well as education and other fields.

Excellence in writing is critical for success in many academic and professional pursuits. APA Style is a set of guidelines for clear and precise scholarly communication that helps authors, both new and experienced, achieve excellence in writing.

It is used by millions of people around the world in psychology and also in fields ranging from nursing to social work, communications to education, business to engineering, and other disciplines for the preparation of manuscripts for publication as well as for writing student papers, dissertations, and theses.

APA Style provides a foundation for effective scholarly communication because it helps authors present their ideas in a clear, concise, and organized manner. Uniformity and consistency enable readers to:

     1. Focus on the ideas being presented rather than formatting

     2. Scan works quickly for key points, findings, and sources

Publication manual of the American Psychological Association: The official guide to APA style (7th ed.). (2020). Washington, DC: APA. Retrieved January 28, 2021, from

In-Text Citations

Creating Reference Lists

SAMPLE STUDENT PAPER (with annotations)

APA Manual

A Step-By-Step Guide for APA Style Student Papers



Citations Infographic

APA Tutorial